重度颈动脉狭窄患者颈动脉支架植入术前远程缺血预处理的安全性及有效性:一项概念验证、随机对照研究

Safety and Efficacy of Remote Ischemic Preconditioning in Patients With Severe Carotid Artery Stenosis Before Carotid Artery Stenting: A Proof-of-Concept, Randomized Controlled Trial.
2017-04-18 11:55发表评论
作者:Wenbo Zhao, Ran Meng, Chun Ma, Baojun Hou, Liqun Jiao, Fengshui Zhu, Weijuan Wu, Jingfei Shi, Yunxia Duan, Renling Zhang, Jing Zhang, Yongxin Sun, Hongqi Zhang, Feng Ling, Yuping Wang, Wuwei Feng, Yuchuan Ding, Bruce Ovbiagele, Xunming Ji
机构: 首都医科大学宣武医院
期刊: CIRCULATION2017年4月14期135卷

"Background: Remote ischemic preconditioning (RIPC) can inhibit recurrent ischemic events effectively in patients with acute or chronic cerebral ischemia. However, it is still unclear whether RIPC can impede ischemic injury after carotid artery stenting (CAS) in patients with severe carotid artery stenosis.

Methods: Subjects with severe carotid artery stenosis were recruited in this randomized controlled study, and assigned to RIPC, sham, and no intervention (control) groups. All subjects received standard medical therapy. Subjects in the RIPC and sham groups underwent RIPC and sham RIPC twice daily, respectively, for 2 weeks before CAS. Plasma neuron-specific enolase and S-100B were used to evaluate safety, hypersensitive C-reactive protein, and new ischemic diffusion-weighted imaging lesions were used to determine treatment efficacy. The primary outcomes were the presence of ≥1 newly ischemic brain lesions on diffusion-weighted imaging within 48 hours after stenting and clinical events within 6 months after stenting.

Results: We randomly assigned 189 subjects in this study (63 subjects in each group). Both RIPC and sham RIPC procedures were well tolerated and completed with high compliance (98.41% and 95.24%, respectively). Neither plasma neuron-specific enolase levels nor S-100B levels changed significantly before and after treatment. No severe adverse event was attributed to RIPC and sham RIPC procedures. The incidence of new diffusion-weighted imaging lesions in the RIPC group (15.87%) was significantly lower than in the sham group (36.51%; relative risk, 0.44; 96% confidence interval, 0.20–0.91; P<0.01) and the control group (41.27%; relative risk, 0.39; 96% confidence interval, 0.21–0.82; P<0.01). The volumes of lesions were smaller in the RIPC group than in the control and sham groups (P<0.01 each). Ischemic events that occurred after CAS were 1 transient ischemic attack in the RIPC group, 2 strokes in the control group, and 2 strokes and 1 transient ischemic attack in the sham group, but these results were not significantly different among the 3 groups (P=0.597).

Conclusions: RIPC is safe in patients undergoing CAS, which may be able to decrease ischemic brain injury secondary to CAS. However, the mechanisms and effects of RIPC on clinical outcomes in this cohort of patients need further investigation."

通讯机构:From Department of Neurology, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (W.Z., R.M., W.W., J.Z., Y.S., Y.W.); Department of Surgical Intensive Care Unit, Beijing Anzhen Hospital, Capital Medical University, China (C.M.); Department of Intensive Care Unit, Shanxian Central Hospital, Heze, China (B.H.); Department of Neurosurgery, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (L.J., F.Z., H.Z., F.L., X.J.); China-America Joint Institution of Neuroscience, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (J.S., Y.D.); Department of Nuclear Medicine, Xuanwu Hospital, Capital Medical University, Beijing, China (R.Z.); Department of Neurology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston (W.F., B.O.); and Department of Neurosurgery, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI (Y.D.).
学科代码:心血管病学   关键词:重度颈动脉狭窄 颈动脉支架植入术 ,中国作者重要发表 爱思唯尔医学网, Elseviermed
来源: Scopus
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