学术中心呼吸病学

怀孕期间空气污染与儿童的肺部发育

近年来,空气污染暴露广泛增加,越来越多的证据表明暴露于颗粒物可导致呼吸系统不良结局发生。产前暴露于空气污染的健康影响尤其引人关注,因为它可对器官形成和发育造成损害,而这可能导致长期并发症的发生。怀孕期间暴露于空气污染可以不同的方式影响胎儿呼吸系统健康。肺部发育可因空气污染所致的低出生体重、早产或免疫系统发育受损而间接受损。怀孕期间暴露于空气污染也与婴儿期和儿童期肺功能下降、呼吸系统症状增加以及儿童...

Published 2017-3-27
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